Screening and diagnosis

Early detection

Autism, although its symptomatology is well defined (see our page "autism"), can sometimes prove difficult to detect and diagnose, especially in the so-called "lighter" forms without intellectual impairment and language delay (as is The case in Asperger syndrome). Yet, with the right information, we should be able to track him in early childhood.  Screening allows for the preparation of a diagnosis and the early implementation of appropriate management. Today, autism is still too often late for detection and diagnosis.

Screening Tools:

Here is a picture of the early signs of autism. (Source: Autism Info 31) There are also early detection tests such as the M-CHAT, the Filipek warning sign listing and the parental Questionnaire on the development of Filipek. (Source: Autism Info 31)

Later screening

It is also possible to detect autism in larger children and adults.  Although it is preferable that this be done early, the evolution of the person is possible at all ages and having a diagnosis even in adulthood is important.

Screening Tools:

There is the list of symptoms of DSM 5 (Source: Autism Info 31) that is based on the diagnosis. There are questionnaires on the net, this is the case of the emphatic quotient and autistic quotient that are also used for diagnostic purposes by professionals, coupled with other tests.. Only attention, no test on the net replaces a professional diagnosis. Being positive to the questionnaires does not mean that one is necessarily autistic but on the other hand it is a track to be dug with the help of competent specialists.

The diagnosis

If autism is detected, it is necessary to obtain a diagnosis in order to benefit from certain AIDS and services to facilitate the implementation of the most appropriate and early management possible.  The diagnosis is based on different tests and scales such as teenagers, ADI, CARS, etc. and various multidisciplinary evaluations (Logopèdie, psychomotricity, neuropsychology, etc.). In Belgium, it is usually pluridiplinaires teams in the Autism Reference Centres (CRA) that are responsible for the diagnosis. The evaluation is financially supported by the INAMI.

Watch out for the wrong diagnoses!

Unfortunately, in Belgium, there are many professionals who do not know autism, who believe that it is a psychosis or a psychiatric disorder. If your child receives this type of diagnosis (psychosis, disharmony, etc.), we advise you to carefully read the exellent site EGALITED on obsolete or erroneous diagnoses.